Between January 1st and June 8th, 2012, the New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) has identified 231 confirmed and probable cases of pertussis (whooping cough) statewide. There were 58 cases reported for the same time period in 2011. Cases have been reported from 14 New Mexico counties – Bernalillo, Chaves, Dona Ana, Grant, Luna, McKinley, Rio Arriba, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Sierra, Socorro, and Valencia. 64% of cases have occurred in Bernalillo and Valencia counties; cases in McKinley, San Miguel and Santa Fe counties account for an additional 25% of the total. For the year, there have been 21 infant cases, 9 infant hospitalizations and 1 pertussis-related infant death in San Miguel County. In 13 of the 21 infant cases, the likely source of the infection was a family member who was involved in care of the infant; for the remaining 8 infant cases, the source of infection is unknown.
-DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis vaccine) – Children should get 5 doses at 2, 4, 6 and between 12-18 months and between 4-6 years
-Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) for children and adolescents who got DTaP or DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis) and have not yet gotten a booster dose of Td: the preferred age is 11-12 years but can be given as early as 7 years
-Adults who didn’t get Tdap as a pre-teen or teen should get one dose of Tdap, particularly those who have or anticipate having contact with infants
-Pregnant women who have not previously received Tdap should receive Tdap, preferably during the third or late second trimester (after 20 weeks gestation) or immediately postpartum
-Anyone who will be in contact with infants who has not received a dose of Tdap should receive one
-All healthcare workers who have not received Tdap should receive a dose as soon as possible
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pertussis treatment guidelines can be accessed at: http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/clinical/treatment.html