Dry eye syndrome occurs when you do not produce enough tears or when your tears evaporate too fast. The condition can also result from an imbalance in the composition of the tears. It is an uncomfortable condition but, because dry eyes often result in excessive tearing, many people who suffer with it do not know that the irritation is due to dryness. In severe cases, dry eye can lead to more serious problems including infections and scarring of the cornea.
Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome
You may or may not feel like you have dry eyes, and to make it even more confusing, dry eye syndrome can cause excessive tearing. Symptoms include:
- A gritty or scratchy feeling
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurry vision
- Feeling like there is something in your eye (foreign body sensation)
Causes of Dry Eye Syndrome
There are numerous things that can cause dry eye syndrome, including personal habits, health problems, medications, and your environment. Some causes include:
- Anything that causes your tears to evaporate too quickly such as dry climate, sleeping with your eyes partially open, or an inadequate lipid layer in your tear film
- Hormonal changes, such as menopause
- Autoimmune diseases
- Certain medications
Dry Eye Syndrome and LASIK
In general, people with dry eye syndrome should not undergo LASIK surgery because it increases your risk of complications. If your dry eye is mild, your doctor may feel that LASIK is safe for you. However, there are treatments for dry eyes including some simple things you can do at home, medications, and even surgery in some cases.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of dry eye syndrome, please talk to an eye doctor in your area today to find out how you can get relief.