In the case of refractive eye surgeries, retinal issues can escalate the complexities in LASIK surgery. The need to increase intraocular eye pressure during the LASIK procedure can do further damage to the retina, creating increased risks for those with retinal problems.
Retinal problems vary widely, so a LASIK eye surgeon in your area will always conduct a pre-evaluation exam before informing you of your LASIK candidacy. The exam will involve the following evaluations:
- Measurement of your cornea’s thickness
- Review of overall eye health
- Evaluation of your prescription or refractive errors
- Custom LASIK measurement for higher order aberrations
- Glasses or contact lenses history
- Test for dry eyes
- Measurement of pupil size
- Dilation exam to view the retina
LASIK factors that can Damage the Retina
Certain factors involved with the LASIK procedure can seriously increase the risk for patients that have retinal problems like macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and other retina-related disorders and diseases. Those factors include:
- An increase in intraocular pressure during the suction portion of the eye surgery
- An acoustic shock wave during laser ablation
- A rapid lowering of intraocular pressure when eye surgeons remove the suction ring from the eyes
To determine if you are predisposed to retinal problems, please contact an eye doctor in your area. An eye surgeon can evaluate your eyes and health to determine if you are a good candidate for the LASIK procedure.